Create a New Area Symbol

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HatchExample.PNG

This function is available in OCAD Professional.This function is available in OCAD Orienteering.This function is available in OCAD Starter.This function is available in OCAD Course Setting.

You can create quite complex area symbols with OCAD. In addition, the symbol editor can make use of nearly all the drawing modes and editing tools that are available for objects in the normal drawing window to make an area symbol even more unique.

Choose the New command in the Symbol menu. Then, choose the Area Symbol option in the New Symbol dialog to create a new area symbol.

NewAreaSymbolDialog.PNG

The Area Symbol dialog appears. This dialog provides the following three tabs:

  • General: Used to define the color and the borderline.
  • Hatch: Used to define the line thickness, distance and orientation of the hatching.
  • Structure: Used to define the structure symbol as well as the distances and orientation of the structure.

General

In this tab you can make general adjustments like those for the fill and borderlines.

Symbol Number

Type a symbol number between 0.001 and 999999.999 in this field.

Symbol Description

Enter a symbol description in this field (e.g. Lake).

Preferred Drawing Tool

Choose a preferred drawing tool in the corresponding dropdown list. When the symbol is selected in the Symbol Box the drawing mode changes automatically to the chosen one. If None was chosen, the drawing mode remains the same as it was before.

Fill

Check the On field to activate the fill. Allocate a fill color from the dropdown list. All colors from the Color Table appear in this dropdown list. If you use borderlines or a structure, make sure that the fill color is below the borderline respectively the structure color in the Color Table. Otherwise, the fill covers the structure completely or the borderline is only shown with half the width.

Border

Activate borderlines by checking the corresponding On checkbox. Then, select a line symbol in the dropdown list below. All line symbols in the Symbol Box are listed there. Make sure that the color of the line symbol is above the color of the fill in the Color Table, otherwise half of the line symbol will be covered by it.

Border.PNG

Orientation to North

Check the Hatch/Structure orientated to north when rotating the map option if you want to keep a hatch or structure always orientated to north when rotating the map (Rotate).

OrientationToNorth.PNG


Hatch

HatchExample.PNG

In this tab you can define the parameters for a simple hatch or a cross-hatch.

Hatch.PNG

Hatch

Choose between None if you do not want a hatch, simple hatch or a cross-hatch.

HatchTip.PNG

Color

Choose a color for the hatch lines. Make sure that this color is above the background color of the area in the Color Table.

Line Width

Enter a line width in mm for the hatch lines in this field.

Distance

Enter the distance between the hatch lines in this field.

Angles

  • Angle 1: Enter the angle for the hatch lines. 0 means that the lines are horizontal. For angles greater than 0, the lines are rotated counterclockwise.
  • Angle 2: Enter the second angle for the hatch lines if you have defined a cross-hatch. Otherwise this value is ignored. 0 means that the lines are horizontal. For angles greater than 0, the lines are rotated counterclockwise.

Structure

In this tab you can define the parameters for a structure.

Structure.PNG

Structure

Choose between None if you do not want a structure or one of the two layouts for structures.

StructureTip.PNG

Width

Enter the horizontal distance from one structure to the next (center to center). This distance is horizontal if the angle is 0, otherwise it is measured in the corresponding angle.

Height

Enter the vertical distance from one structure line to the next (center to center). This distance is vertical if the angle is 0, otherwise it is measured in the corresponding angle.

Angle

Enter here the angle of the structure. If this angle is 0 the structure is drawn as shown in the structure box. Otherwise it is rotated counterclockwise for positive angles.

Edit

Click this button to draw one structure element in the Symbol Editor. In the Symbol Editor the symbol will also appear (in gray) in the position of the neighboring structures in order to get an impression of the structured area. If you enter an angle other than 0, the structure will be rotated, but not the symbol. Read more about the Symbol Editor in the Symbol Editor article. This article contains also a paragraph for structured areas.

Hint.jpg It is possible to rotate the structure of individual objects drawn with that symbol with the Indicate Direction of Area Pattern, Point or Text Object button. In this case the structure and the structure symbols will be rotated.

Do not cut structure element at border

This option lets you decide how the elements get drawn, if the object would be cut off at border. You can pick either Draw element if completly inside area, Draw element if center inside area or Draw element if partially inside area.

Irregular Pattern

This function allows to define the horizontal and vertical variation of objects inside the area (in %). It's also possible to push the elements inside the area apart with a defined minimum distance between symbols.

Examples

Example.jpg Example Boulders with Shrubbery

This is an example for a structured area symbol.

BolderWithShrubbery.PNG

Example.jpg Example Dam

This is an example for a structured area symbol.

Dam.PNG

Icon

Click the Icon button in the dialog to create an icon for the symbol. The Icon Editor appears. Read more about this editor in the Icon Editor article.



video available Different area symbols

Back to the Create a New Symbol page.